What’s the simplest way to print a Java array?

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Question Description

In Java, arrays don’t override toString(), so if you try to print one directly, you get weird output including the memory location:

int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(intArray);     // prints something like '[[email protected]'

But usually we’d actually want something more like [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. What’s the simplest way of doing that? Here are some example inputs and outputs:

// array of primitives:
int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
//output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

// array of object references:
String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
//output: [John, Mary, Bob]

Practice As Follows

Since Java 5 you can use Arrays.toString(arr) or Arrays.deepToString(arr) for arrays within arrays. Note that the Object[] version calls .toString() on each object in the array. The output is even decorated in the exact way you’re asking.

Examples:

Simple Array:

String[] array = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));

Output:

[John, Mary, Bob]

Nested Array:

String[][] deepArray = new String[][] {{"John", "Mary"}, {"Alice", "Bob"}};
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(deepArray));
//output: [[Ljava.lang.String;@106d69c, [Ljava.lang.String;@52e922]
System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(deepArray));

Output:

[[John, Mary], [Alice, Bob]]

double Array:

double[] doubleArray = { 7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 };
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(doubleArray));

Output:

[7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 ]

int Array:

int[] intArray = { 7, 9, 5, 1, 3 };
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));

Output:

[7, 9, 5, 1, 3 ]