In ASP.NET MVC: All possible ways to call Controller Action Method from a Razor View

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Question Description

I know this is a pretty basic question over here.

But could you tell me all possible options available to,

call a Control Action Method [generally any server side routine] from a Razor View and,

in what scenarios each are best applicable to be used in.

Thanks.

Practice As Follows

Method 1 : Using jQuery Ajax Get call (partial page update).

Suitable for when you need to retrieve jSon data from database.

Controller’s Action Method

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult Foo(string id)
{
    var person = Something.GetPersonByID(id);
    return Json(person, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
}

Jquery GET

function getPerson(id) {
    $.ajax({
        url: '@Url.Action("Foo", "SomeController")',
        type: 'GET',
        dataType: 'json',
        // we set cache: false because GET requests are often cached by browsers
        // IE is particularly aggressive in that respect
        cache: false,
        data: { id: id },
        success: function(person) {
            $('#FirstName').val(person.FirstName);
            $('#LastName').val(person.LastName);
        }
    });
}

Person class

public class Person
{
    public string FirstName { get; set; }
    public string LastName { get; set; }
}

Method 2 : Using jQuery Ajax Post call (partial page update).

Suitable for when you need to do partial page post data into database.

Post method is also same like above just replace [HttpPost] on Action method and type as post for jquery method.

For more information check Posting JSON Data to MVC Controllers Here

Method 3 : As a Form post scenario (full page update).

Suitable for when you need to save or update data into database.

View

@using (Html.BeginForm("SaveData","ControllerName", FormMethod.Post))
{        
    @Html.TextBoxFor(model => m.Text)

    
}

Action Method

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult SaveData(FormCollection form)
    {
        // Get movie to update
        return View();
   }

Method 4 : As a Form Get scenario (full page update).

Suitable for when you need to Get data from database

Get method also same like above just replace [HttpGet] on Action method and FormMethod.Get for View’s form method.

I hope this will help to you.

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